Although queer theory had its beginnings in the educational sphere, the cultural events surrounding its origin also had a huge impact. Activist groups pushed back in the 's against the lack of government intervention after the outbreak of the AIDS epidemic. These groups helped define the field with the work they did by highlighting a non-normative option to the more traditional identity politics and marginal group creations. Queer theory as an academic tool came about in part from gender and sexuality studies that in turn had their origins from lesbians and gay studies and feminist theory. Heteronormativity is a form of power and control that applies pressure to both straight and gay individuals, through institutional arrangements and accepted social norms. In other words, power acts to make sexuality seem like a hidden truth that must be dug out and be made specific.
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
Quotes from Jagose’s Queer Theory: An Introduction – Neil Shenvi – Apologetics
Since the early s, the term queer has been strategically taken up to signify a wide-ranging and unmethodical resistance to normative models of sex, gender, and sexuality. Although this use of queer marks a process of resignification as new meanings and values are associated with what was once a term of homophobic abuse, there is always an important sense in which queer maintains, even in changed illocutionary circumstances, its original charge of shame. Despite such a short history, the accelerated rise of queer as a critical term demonstrates the significant impact it has had on understandings of the cultural formations of gendered and sexual identities and practices, both in activist and academic circles. The term queer is necessarily indeterminate, taking on different — and sometimes contradictory — meanings in different articulations. Sometimes queer is synonymous with lesbian and gay, for which it becomes a convenient shorthand. At other times, it refers to a generational or even fashion-led distinction between old-style lesbians and gays and new-style sexual outlaws. Yet again, it can signify a coalition of nonnormative sexual identities — most often conceptually rather than materially realized — which might include lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.
Queer theology is a theological method that has developed out of the philosophical approach of queer theory , built upon scholars such as Michel Foucault , Gayle Rubin , Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick , and Judith Butler. Later, the two would merge to become the more inclusive term of queer theology. The term queer can be understood within queer theory as encompassing one of three meanings: as an umbrella term, as transgressive action, and as erasing boundaries. Building upon these three meanings of queer , queer theology can be understood as: . For that reason, queer theology calls on us to think beyond what may be known, disciplined and controlled and asks us to re-embrace our queer cognizance.
Two decades ago, then, it became possible to suggest that the lesbian had reached the realm of the visible. Lesbians on-screen in the —19 season cross genres, tastes, moods, periods and audiences, including in Disobedience Lelio, , Vita and Virginia Button, and The Miseducation of Cameron Post Akhavan, We begin to see popular culture mainstreaming lesbianism in a way that might not have been imaginable even at the turn of the century. The same decades that have heralded remarkable transformations in the inclusion of lesbianism in mainstream political, social and cultural fields have also witnessed a revolution in the academic study of sexuality, which has veered away from the labels associated with the identity politics of s and s liberation movements. Critical discourses have increasingly replaced identity categories such as lesbian with the more fluid notions of queer sexuality.