Rectal prolapse is a condition in which the rectum the last part of the large intestine before it exits the anus becomes detached inside the body, allowing it to turn inside out and protrude from the anus. Rectal prolapse may be uncomfortable and embarrassing, but rarely results in a medical emergency. Chronic constipation is a problem for 30 to 67 percent of patients who have a rectal prolapse; an additional 15 percent have diarrhea. While some assume that rectal prolapse is a consequence of multiple vaginal deliveries, as many as 35 percent of patients with rectal prolapse have never borne children. Rectal prolapse is relatively uncommon.
The rectum is the lower section of the large intestine, and it ends at the anus. Rectal pain has a vast array of causes, from minor to severe. Because pain around the anus has so many potential sources, it's essential to have a proper diagnosis. Inflammation, injury, or infections that impact the anus and rectum can lead to rectal pain. Several signs can help a healthcare professional narrow down and determine the cause of rectal pain. For example, determining when the pain occurs - such as when sitting or through a bowel movement -- and discovering any additional symptoms might help reveal the cause. Many other rare causes of rectal pain are cancers or prostate problems.
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If you see any abnormalities in this area it is important to take your rabbit to a veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment. An anal polyp is an overgrowth of the mucus membrane within the rectum that protrudes through the anus. A polyp is almost always benign, although the possibility of it growing large enough to block the rectum does exist, in which case surgery is required to remove it. Polyps range in color from pink to red to brown and occur because of inflammation or changes in rectal or anal tissue.